How to Distinguish Between Styles in Literature

Today, we have a guest post from Lucy Adams, a professional writer with BuzzEssay.

Every great writer has a unique writing style. Sometimes writers use different writing styles in their work depending on the purpose of the written communication. A writing style refers to the way an author expresses his or her thoughts. If you want to identify the writing style in any piece, consider the writer’s choice of words and descriptions.

Consider the purpose for using the words and descriptions as well to identify the writing style. A writing style gives a writer a unique voice and personality. The audience can identify the writer’s personality by reading several publications. A writing style also brings out the writer’s creativity and writing skills.

Writing styles fall into four major categories that include persuasive, descriptive, expository, and narrative writing styles. As you read any written material, you can categorize the writer’s style into any of these styles. Each of these styles is described below.

Expository writing

Expository writing focuses on a specific subject and explains it in detail. Writers who prefer this style provide facts about the subject without giving their opinions or thoughts about the subject. The writing style is common in publications that give instructions on how to accomplish tasks or use a given product.

One way of identifying the expository writing style is that the facts are presented in a sequence or in a logical order. The writer explains a process systematically. The writing style is mostly used in books, recipes, scientific materials, and news articles. Authors also use this style to explain phenomena such as weather changes, disasters, and natural laws.

Descriptive writing

The main purpose of using this style is to describe an event, place, person, or experience in a way that the audience can relate to it. The style leaves you with an image of the described items. Writers use specific terms and their own creativity to make the image as clear as possible in the reader’s minds.

Descriptive writing is poetic and highly detailed. A writer can describe a smell, taste, or feeling in a way that you almost feel it when reading the material. Descriptive writing is often used with other writing styles in fiction. You can also find this style in poems, journals, diaries, product descriptions, and nature writing.

Persuasive writing

The purpose of the style as the name suggests is to persuade or convince the readers to agree with a certain line of thought. The writers’ opinions and thoughts come out clearly in this type of writing. The writer presents reasons, facts, and justifications for his or her point to convince the reader that his or her view is right.

When using a persuasive writing style, the writer takes a stand on an issue and convinces you to take a similar stand. The writing style is mostly used in political writing, advertisements, editorial news segments, and reviews. Applicants use the style to convince employers that they are the right candidates for the open positions.

Politicians and activists use persuasive writing to garner public support on controversial issues. The writing style is clearly presented in calls-to-action and presidential speeches. Sometimes authors trigger the readers to question their decisions and position on certain issues.

Narrative writing

Writers use this style to tell a real or fictional story. The style is also used to talk about real events or situations. Most narrative pieces contain fictional or real characters. The author will talk about the experiences of each character. All the characters and their experiences fit into one main story. Sometimes writers narrate their own experiences and give their opinion of the experiences.

A well-written narrative keeps you engaged as you follow each character’s experiences and reactions. The style is widely used in fictional materials such as novels and children’s short stories. You can also find the style in poems, novels, and biographies. Writers often include direct quotes and dialogues in their narrative pieces. Stories and events have definite beginnings and endings.

The key to distinguishing writing styles in literature is to consider the purpose of the material. Is the writer trying to provide facts, explain a phenomenon, tell a story, or justify his or her stand on an issue? You may find more than one style in one piece. However, identifying the purpose of writing the material will help you identify the most prominent writing style and take your writing career to the next level.

About Lucy Adams

Lucy Adams is a diligent author from She’s a generalist able to cover a variety of topics, from business and marketing to education, writing, and literature. Lucy almost never refuses to cover an intriguing topic so that you have a great chance to add some value to your blog for free!